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商务英语(BEC)考试考前冲刺口语备考重点

2016-09-21 02:27:57 来源:北外网课

  商务英语(BEC)考试考前冲刺口语备考重点

  BEC口语考试分为三部分。**部分是考生与考官的交流,着重于个人情况,学习工作,兴趣爱好。这一部分必须充分准备,但难度不会超过普通的工作面试,且一般不会涉及商务知识。 主要的难点在于第二、第三部分。第二部分让考生就某一商务主题发表一分钟的演讲,而第三部分中,两位考生就某个商务主题进行讨论。这两个部分要求较高,而准备时间仅为一分钟。针对这种情况,必须从下列方面准备。

  BEC作为商务英语考试,要求具备一定的商务背景知识,不要求很精深,但一定要有个大致的了解。因为广大BEC考生普遍英语基础较好(指语法,语音,基本词汇的运用),但对商务词汇与概念深感隔行如隔山。

  **重点就是商务词汇的扩展。当然词汇的问题决不是简单的死背词汇表,这种方法不会导致对词汇的深刻理解,灵活运用必然也大打折扣。比较好的方法是在读解分析范文时,注意商务词汇在文中的运用,把好的词汇结合句子一道背诵,然后在自己练习时有意地使用,才能学以致用。总之,词汇量的多少决定着英语水平高低。这就像一两滴水对环境没有什么影响,但当千千万万滴水形成湖、汇成海后就足以影响气候一样。

  第二重点是针对BEC口语出题范围。将其细分为多个出题领域:职业发展,人事,营销,商务交流,信息管理,物流,金融,公司发展,项目管理,质量控制,竞争,健康安全,战略策划,生产管理,国际商务,交通,商业文化与伦理等,各个击破。对于每个领域内的经典题型,必须对大量范文作详细分析,总结最常用的话题与理由,体会不同场合变换说法的重要性,克服考生中普遍的理解考题却无话可说的尴尬。

  第三,要注重积累商务案例。对于任一题目,光说一大堆理由,是很难得高分的,即使理由本身非常正确。关键在于必须有活生生的例子说明问题。这一点上,临时抱佛脚是没有用的,务必要*平时注意收集并在会话中运用恰当的例子。

  第四点是要透过经典题型例解的现象看本质。学会运用会话模式,如开题—质询—观点—扩展型对话,并掌握有效的相关口语技巧,如Echo, Objection, Proposition, Development, Hypothesis, Definition, Interrogation, Repetition等。这样,对于会话的总体框架与结构在心中有了一个蓝图以后,才能把注意力放在内容上。

  第五,对于如何使口语更自然更地道的一些语言点,也必须有所涉及。语言的丰富化与口语化不是一日之功,但也要总结规律。比如,用一些语气词如well,right?等和反义疑问句可以使语言较为自然。一些口语化的词组如icing on the cake ,sell like hotcakes,ballyhoo,shelf sitter等也可以给会话增色。当然粗俗的俚语在商务会话中是不允许的。另外,书面用语如 nevertheless,furthermore, in addition, utmost 等非但不会让考官欣赏,反而显得做作,不自然。正所谓‘过犹不及’。要做到恰到好处,必须对词汇和短语的色彩有精确体会。必须指出的是,口语化不等于散漫化。BEC口语的目的还是为商务主题服务的,所以决不能沦为聊天式的极其随便的对话。关键在于应做到‘casual without losing focus’,即‘外松内紧’。

  第六,如果没有大量的练习,以上的要点只会是空谈而已。BEC口语考试决不能临阵磨枪,口语是在平时的反复练习中逐渐提高的,想口语考试取得好成绩的话,考前必须找一个同伴,一同练习口语。这样可以互相指出缺点,共同提高,事半功倍。在同伴面前试讲,也能克服心理紧张,提高考试时的自信。练习时,必须把流利度放在语法之上,不要因为有语法错误而不敢讲。对于口语来说,流畅地传达想法是**位的。语法或句型的不足可在实践中逐渐纠正。另外,考试时不能过分依赖同伴,每个考生必须有主动性和独立性。有时,同伴的提示和帮助是有用的,但每个人都应在谈话中力争占主导地位,迅速积极地回答问题。

  试题举例

  Part 2

  What is important when…?

  Trying to attract new staff

  Competitive wages

  Company reputation

  …

  (In my opinion,) W(w)hen attracting new staff, competitive wages and company reputation are the most important.

  Firstly, a well-paid job is much more appealing than a low-paid job to most people. Pay is always the No1 concern of most job hunters. Therefore, a competitive salary helps the company gain an upper hand in the labor market. Secondly, a good reputation can also give the company an edge when recruiting new staff. Working in such a company usually makes people feel proud. In addition, a good reputation also means good career prospects for the employees.

  Part 3

  Video Conferencing

  The company you work for is concerned about the amount of time staff spend travelling to meetings in other branches of the company, and is looking at alternatives.

  You have been asked to make recommendations about introducing video conferencing.

  Discuss the situation together, and decide:

  l what the company needs to know about the meetings that

  take place at present

  l what the advantages and disadvantages of video

  conferencing might be

  A: You know our company is planning to introduce video conferencing, what do you think?

  B: I think that’s a great idea, we won’t have to waste so much time on travelling anymore.

  A: That’s true, but I’m a little worried. I’m not used to talking with people on a screen.

  B: Me neither, but after a while, you’ll get used to it. I’m more concerned about whether the company is doing its homework now.

  A: What do you mean by that?

  B: You know, you can’t just switch to video conferencing without any preparation. That may cause a lot of problems and reduce work efficiency.

  A: En… you’re probably right. So how should the company get prepared?

  B: Frist of all, they need to have a good understanding of the meetings we are having now. For example…

  A: And one other thing to consider is the number of people who attend the meeting. It’s much easier to have a video conference with just a few people, but how about the meetings with lots of people?

  B: Right, like the staff meeting we have every month. Anyway, the company does need to get prepared before officially introducing video conferencing.

  A: You know, I’m still not quite sure about the benefits of video conferencing, I know it’s gonna help us reduce travel time, but it’s high-tech, isn’t it? I’m bad at technology.

  B: I see your point, but you’re a bit over-worried. I heard…

  A: That sounds comforting, but what about meetings that have PowerPoint presentations? As a listener…

  B: To be frank with you, I don’t know, but I do agree …They’ll have to find out a way to solve that problem, I guess.

  A: …


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