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雅思阅读判断题该如何确定答案

2016-11-30 09:48:47 来源:北外网课

  雅思阅读判断题该如何确定答案先是讲解了常见的判断题的做题步骤,然后用剑桥真题分析了两个例子,同学们可以参考一下。
  通常我们解答雅思判断题的方法是分析题目,找定位,标考点词,再到原文找定位词,比较分析原文信息和题目考点词的关系,若是同义替换则是TRUE;若是矛盾关系,则FALSE;若题目考点词和原文无关,则NOT GIVEN. 判断题的考点种类比较多,此处不做赘述。
  随着雅思考试整体难度的增加,雅思阅读各题型的难度较之前都有一定的提高。例如判断题中的比较关系,大多数熟悉真题的考生会很快想到,比较关系的考点对应原文常见的几种情况,即题目有比较级,原文无比较,或者原文有比较,但是比较内容不相关。这种出题规则下,答案必然是NOT GIVEN。直接题干和原文比较关系发生错误和矛盾关系,必然是FALSE,若是比较关系的同义替换,则是TRUE。
  题目或原文中有直接比较关系词是常见形式,考生相对容易分析。而在一些较难的题目中,出现了隐含的比较关系。这种隐含的比较关系可以体现在题目中,或是原文,考生需要谨慎定位,仔细比较,在这些看似不复杂的规则下,比较关系考点对应原文会转化成否定关系,稍不仔细,考生很容易将这种关系,理解为NOTGIVRN。针对比较关系和否定关系之间的转化,我们可根据以下题目来重点分析。
  1.For the earliest tribes,the concept of sufficiency was more important than the conceptof quantity. (C6P51Q32)
  对应原文的句子是It is impossible to learn the sequence of events that led to our developingthe concept of number. Even the earliest of tribes had a system of numeration that,if notadvanced,was sufficient for the tasks that they had to perform. Our ancestors had little usefor actual numbers;instead their considerations would have been more of the kind Is thisenough? rather than How many?题目是比较充足性的概念和数量的概念,前者比后者更重要。原文相关位置并没有直接给出比较级,但是出现了little,instead,rather than的表达,sufficiency在原文替换词是enough,quantity在原文的替换词是how many,显然,最后一句说明了充足性的概念是更多被考虑的问题,而不是有多少。因此这个题的结论是TRUE。
  2.In the follow-up class,the teaching activities are similar to those used in conventionalclasses.(C7P29Q33)
  原文内容'There is a follow-up class at which the students are stimulated to recall thematerial presented. Once again the approach is indirect. The students do not focus theirattention on trying to remember the vocabulary,but focus on using the language tocommunicate. Such methods are not unusual in language teaching'题目中的关系词是similar,原文虽然没有出现直接比较,对应的第二句,三句介绍了follow-up class 的具体活动,不是去死记硬背单词,而是通过交流来达到语言应用的目的。这些方法在传统课堂不是不寻常的,not unusual恰恰就体现了一种比较,因此正好符合了题目中的similar关系。因此,该题的结论为TRUE.
  3.Computers are better than humans at detecting faults in glass.(C8P44Q13)
  原文对应:Inspection technology allows more than 100 millions measurements a second tobe made across the ribbon, locating flaws the unaided eye would be unable to see.题目定位词选择computer和humans,原文信息中,定位词做了一定程度的替换,computer对应inspectiontechnology,而humans替换为eye, 所以原文句子的意思是计算机技术能检测到瑕疵,而无助的眼睛是看不到的,所以unable to see就表达了一种人类能力有限,计算机更擅长于检测玻璃的瑕疵。所以该题的结论为TRUE。
  4.Extinct megafauna should receive more attention than the extinction of the dinosaurs.(OG .P256Q32 'Australia's lost giant')
  原文信息:Given how much ink has been spilled on the extinction of the dinosaurs,it's awonder that even more hasn't been devoted to magafauna. 这是一道来自官方指南的判断题,通过原文判断出作者的态度信息,题目是直接比较关系出现,megafauna的灭绝应该受到更多的关注。原文表达重点是it's a wonder that even more hasn't been devoted…,所以原文通过否定,体现了作者鲜明的态度,因此结论应该是TRUE。
  上面就是给大家分享的雅思阅读判断题的做题方法,可以看出做题的关键是找准核心关键词,弄清原文和选项的逻辑关系自然就好判断了。最后,小编预祝大家考出满意的雅思成绩,顺利出国留学。

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