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英语语法基础之名词修饰名词的主要情形

2017-01-13 01:40:18 来源:北外网课

我们说,对于英语语法来说,不可能一成不变,而是随着时代发展不断发展变化。现代英语的特色之一,是力求以简单的结构,表达复杂的思维。以名词作修饰语,简称“名词定语”,便是朝向这目标的手段之一。为此,北外网课(北京外国语大学网络课堂)老师就整理了名词修饰名词的四种常见情形,供英语学习者参考。

所谓名词修饰名词,就是以名词直接修饰另一名词,其作用和形容词相似。例如:Science students; the Clinton Administration; dinner-time; oilindustry; Christmas party 等。

代替形容词(或形容词短语)或分词(或分词短语)

country life

rural life  

China-U.S. relations

Sino-Americanrelations

a launch pad

a launching pad  

cube sugar

sugar formed in theshape of a cube.

代替名词所有格

good rapport between consumerand producer countries

good rapport between consumers'and producers' countries.  

a proposal for a ceilingon ASEAN commodity imports

a proposal for a ceiling on ASEAN's commodityimports.

代替介词短语

a tool box

a box for tools.  

a televisionprogramme

a programme on television.

apple seeds

the seeds of anapple.

代替同位语、形容词分句或不定式动词短语,如:

his bank manager son

his son,(who is a bankmanagers

an ASEAN jointconference report

a report to bejointly made by ASEAN(members)


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