Some people think that “vertical” city is the best, where people live and work in tall buildings. Others think that “horizontal” city is better, where there is few tall buildings.
Discuss both views and give your opinion.
tall buildings (vertical city):
high-rise building; high rise; high rise units; high rise condo; high-rise apartment complex; tall residential housing.
skyscraper; tall commercial towers;
height 高度(n.) heighten 提高(v.) erect 树立，建起(v.)
high-density housing X
few fall buildings (horizontal city):
low-rise building; low storied building; low rise;
to build: to construct
Architectural style is the language of the physical city, whether to build up or build out is always being discussed. Some citizens argued that low-rise buildings provide residents of a city with greater horizon, as well as better ecological environment. However, the benefits of a vertical urban planning are also evident.
Initially, low rise can make the beauty of a city easily visible. There is no armored concrete monster to block the streetscape, people who live in can travel around in brilliant sceneries interweaved with modern streets. Additionally, horizontal cities perform well on ecological criteria, since they usually conserve natural areas, such as parks and woodland. Also, they have relatively low energy use and emissions per person. Thus, a horizontal city is more citizen and environment friendly.
Indeed, horizontal city do benefit people physically and mentally. Yet, the bonus of a vertical city is even more obvious. Tall buildings foster social capital and creativity, in that case, it’s greener than sprawling city planning. The misplaced fear of heights is irrational. That is to say, height is considered as a way to provide more space on a fixed amount of land, and the connect of humanity. The new skyscrapers being built in New York and other mega-cities have increasingly become places where the world’s super-brain exchange their ideas and the super-rich park their money. It is said that you can read the intensity of socioeconomic life from a city’s skyline.
What’s more, the efficiency is of significant importance of a city’s development; only skyscrapers and high-rise apartment complex can make it happen. If all the houses are scattered upon the face of the city, it is not possible for people to travel fast. People can join activities two meters off their front door, not 20 miles to the downtown, only if condensed tall buildings are available. Not to say that high rise could also help to cure steep housing costs and gaping inequality in cities.
Like anything else, as I consider, skyscrapers are a good thing in moderation: done right, they contribute to the vital mix of great cities. The sweet spot here is making sure that cities are neither too vertical nor too flat. But the ultimate goal is to achieve the kind of density and mix of building heights that have long fueled urban creativity and powered innovation.