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掌握英语六级知识点 现在分词及动名词不同用法

2017-03-31 04:21:27 来源:北外网课

英语六级考试中,V+ing形式,即现在分词及动名词结构始终是考试中的一项重点。完成今天,北外网课(北京外国语大学网络课堂)老师就梳理整合了英语六级中的相关知识点,一起学习一下吧。

作主语:

Walking is good exercise.

There is no denying the fact that the new method has greatly raisedlabour productivity.

It’s nice talking to you.

作宾语:

He avoided giving us a definite answer.

Your shoes need polishing.

You mustn’t delay sending the tractors over.

作介词宾语: 动名词作介词宾语用的时候最多. 它常可以用在某些成语后面, 常见的有: insist on, persist in, think of, dream of, object to, suspectof, accuseof, chargewith, hearof, approve of, preventfrom, keepfrom, stopfrom, refrain from, be engaged in, look forward to, opposed to,depend on, thank…for, feel like, excuse…for, aim at, devote…to, set about,spend…in, get (be) used to, be fond of, be capable of, be afraid of, be tiredof, be sick of, succeed in, be interested in, feel (be) ashamed of, be proudof, be keen on, be responsible for.

作表语:

The real problem is getting to know the needs of the people.

动名词和不定式都可以作主语或表语. 一般说来, 在表示抽象的一般的行为时多用动名词; 在表示具体某词动作, 特别是将来的动作时, 多用不定式.

作宾语补足语: 分词可以在see,hear, notice, watch, feel, find, keep, get, have等动词后作宾语补足语.

Once we caught him dozing off in class.

The words immediately set us all laughing.

His remark left me wondering what he was driving at.

see, hear,feel, watch, notice等动词后, 及可用现在分词, 也可用不定式构成宾语补足语. 用现在分词时, 表示动作正在发生, 用不定式时表示动作发生了.

Do you hear someone knocking at the door?

Yes, I did. I heard him knock three times.

作状语: 现在分词作状语时, 通常都表示主语正在进行的另一动作, 来对谓语表示的主要动作加以修饰或作为陪衬.

I got home, feeling very tired.

I ran out of the house shouting.

Driving to Chicago that night, I was struck by a sudden thought.

现在分词短语有时可以用作状语表示原因, 相当于一个表示原因的状语从句.

Seeing nobody at home, she decided to leave them a note.

Not knowing her address, we couldn’t get in touch with her.

Having already seen the film twice, she didn’t want to go to thecinema.

现在分词短语有时可用作时间状语, 相当于when引起的从句:

Seeing those pictures, he couldn’t help thinking of those memorabledays they spent together.

如果两个动作是完全同时发生的, 多用when while加分词这种结构.

When leaving the airport, they waved again and again to us.

She got to know them while attending a conference in Beijing.

Be careful when crossing the street.

前面带有代词或名词的动名词结构: 一个动名词前面可以加一个物主代词(或名词的所有格结构), 来表示这个动名词逻辑上的主语.

Our sole worry is your relying too much on yourself.

They insisted on my staying there for supper.

Their coming to help was a great encouragement to us.

Do you mind my reading your paper?

如果不是在句子开头, 这个结构常常可以用名词的普通格(或人称代词宾格), 这比用所有格更自然一些.

I don’t mind him going.

She hates people losing their temper.

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