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缩略词分类一览 北外网课带你玩转英语口语(二)

2017-04-19 03:39:59 来源:北外网课

在英语表达,特别是英语口语表达当中,常常会用到各种各样的缩略词,这些词言简意赅,在日常交际中很受欢迎。今天,北外网课(北京外国语大学网络课堂)老师就分类梳理了重要的缩略词(二),带你全方位玩转英语口语

UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Culturalorganization)联合国教育科学文化组织(也叫国际文教组织)

(TheUNESCO has made some contributions to the world.UNESCO 对世界做出一些贡献)

NATONorth Atlantic Treaty organization)北大西洋公约组织。

CouldtheNATO members stick to their commitments?(NATO 的成员能坚守承担义务吗?)

SALTStrategic Arms Limitation Treaty)战略武器限制公约

Should everynation jointheSALT?(每个国家都要加入 SALT?)

NASANational Aeronautics and Space Administration)美国航天太空总署

The U.S. space programs depend on the performances of NASA.(美国的太空计画是靠NASA的表现而定。)

(注:以上缩写字也被人们当做一个字看待)

WHOWorld Health organization)世界卫生组织

Taiwan has been trying to become one of the WHO members.(台湾一直想办法成为WHO的成员之一)

FBIFederal Bureau of Investigation)联邦调查局(负责美国境内)

CIACentral Intelligence Agency)中央情报局(负责国外)

Over the past years, Dr. and Mrs. Lee have worked for both FBI andCIA.(过去多年来李博士夫妇都为 FBI CIA 工作)

FDAFood and Drug Administration)美国食品药物管理局

This new drug has to be approved by the FDA.(这新药要经 FDA 批准)

USDAUnited States Department of Agriculture)美国农业部

USDA supplies myriad of information on agriculture market.(有关农业市场,USDA 供应大量资料。)

IRSInternal Revenue Service)美国税务局

Employees working for IRS should be courteous toward tax payers.IRS 员工对纳税人应该有礼貌)

NAACPNational Association for the Advancement of Color People(全国黑人权益促进会,即黑人为了增进权益的最大机构)

Many AfricanAmericans join NAACP.(许多美国黑人参加 NAACP

NIHNational Institute of Health

Mr. Wang has worked at NIH as a researcher.(王先生在 NIH 担任研究员)

AARP (American Association of Retired People.)(美国退休人员协会)

At age 50, you are eligible to be a member of AARP.(如果你 50 岁就可以成为 AARP 的会员)

AAUP (American Association of University Professors) (美国大学教授协会)

The AAUP has many branches at different colleges and universities inthe U.S. (AAUP 在美国各大学有很多分会)

SCORE (Services Corps of Retired Executives)(退休主管服务队)(这是美国企业界主管退休后,免费担任顾问,协助年轻人创业的团体。)

corps 单复数一样,发音与 corpse 不同。

(注:老外在机构名称缩写字前面,有时加冠词 the, a ,an,有时不加,不过在正式文件里,通常都加。)

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