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考研英语写作常见的语法错误

2018-09-04 04:23:45

写作常见语法错误:谓语动词时态(1)

1

a) We college students had enough time to take a part time job, no matter how busy we were ... ×

b) We college students have enough time to take a part time job, no matter how busy we are ...

  命题作文一般都是议论文,而写议论文所采用的时态一般都是现在时态。只有在举例或提到过去的事时才会用到过去时态。

2

a) Riding bicycles had more advantages than taking a bus. ×

b) Riding bicycles has more advantages than taking a bus.

  考生中用过去时写作与他们教材课文体裁(大多为叙述文、说明文)和平时写作练习(大多写个人经历的故事)有关,也与他们过度概括有关,认为所有文章都用过去时。

3:

a) There are so many countries using English that it had been regarded as an international language.

b) There are so many countries using English that it has been regarded as an international language.

  注意:在论述同一事情,即发生在同一时间里的事时,前后半句或相邻的几句在时态上要保持一致。


写作常见语法错误:主谓及其他成分不一致(2)

主语和谓语、名词和代词、以及人称是否保持一致。

4

a) The eating habit of Chinese people have changed in the past decade.×

b) The eating habit of Chinese people has changed in the past decade.

注意:不管主语和谓语隔开多远,主语当中还有修饰成分,谓语要

和真正的主语在数上保持一致。

5

a) Now fruits and vegetables can be seen everywhere when it is in season.

b) Now fruits and vegetables can be seen everywhere when they are in season.

6

a) I feel proud to come to our university.

b) I feel proud to come to this university.

注意:our和主语 I不一致,或把 our改成 my,或改成 this。而这里用this 较妥。


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